[人教版]高一英语下册第九单元重点解析：A world of fun
【A world of fun知识点】
就是园中的一切，从环境布置到娱乐设施都集中表现一个或几个特定的主题。在主题公园(Theme park)中，人们一会儿退到几千年前的古代社会，一会儿又走进想象中的 未来世界，一会儿坐在美国的小酒店中，一会儿又来到埃及金字塔下，一会儿在海底世界漫游，一会儿又在太空中翱翔。不管游客走到哪里，总有一种身临其境之感。
1. At the world park, the largest theme park in China, visitors can look at buildings, castles and statues from more than thirty countries. 在中国最大的公园---世界公园里，游人可以看到来自30多个国家的不同风格的建筑，城堡和雕像。
[问]能给我们介绍一下the world park, the largest theme park in China吗?
2. At the China Ethnic Culture Park, people can learn about hte customs, costumes,and culture of China's fifty -five Chinese minorities.在中国民族文化公园，人们可以了解中国55个少数民族的风俗，服饰和文化。
[问]能介绍一下China Ethnic Culture Park吗?
3. What they all have in common is having fun and experiencing something different. 他们的共性就在于他们都比较有趣而且人们在那儿也可以经历不同的事。
[答]这个句子的结构比较复杂，What they all havew in common是一个主语从句，而having fun and experiencing something different是动名短语作表语。
名题精选：___the 2000 Olympic Games will be held in Beijing is not known yet.
A. Whenever B. If C. Whether D. That
4. Many people come to theme parks looking for thrills and entertainment. 很多人到主题公园来寻找刺激和娱乐。
[问]请问looking for thrills and entertainment是什么意思?
[答]looking for thrills and entertainment是“寻找刺激和娱乐”的意思，是现在分词作状语，这是本单元的语法重点，下面我们作一下简要介绍：(1)现在分词作伴随状语。
例如： They stood there waiting for the bus. 他们站在那儿等公共汽车。
例如：Walking in the street, I saw her. (时间状语)正在街上走着，我看见了她。
The parents died, leavign him an orphan. (结果状语)父母亲去世了，他成了一个孤儿。
例如：The rain being over, we continued to march. [时间状语]雨过之后，我们继续前进。
(4)有时也可用“with (或 without)+名词(或代词宾格)+分词”的结构表伴随情况。
例如：The boy returned, (with)his nose bleeding. [如果省去with就是分词的独立结构]
名题精选：There was a terrible noise ___ the sudden burst of light. (1989年高考题)
A. followed B. following C. to be followed D. being followed
答案：B。follow只能加单宾语，现在其后已有宾语，因此不能用被动式，排除C、D。followed若是过去分词，则有被动意义，不能用;若是过去式，则其前还缺定语从句的主语which或that, 故排除A。 本句意为“在那突然的光闪过之后是一声可怕的巨响。”
5. But theme parks also try to make sure that visitors leave knowing more about the diea behind the park. 主题公园也尽力保证游者在离开后仍能更多地了解主题公园的内涵。
[问]请问knowing more about the diea behind the park在这里是什么结构?
[答]knowing more about the diea behind the park在这里也是分词结构作伴随状语。
名题精选：The picture ___ on the wall is painted by my nephew.
A. having hung B. hanging C. hangs D. being hung
答案B. 因主语“The picture"已有谓语“is painted ” 与之搭配，选项动词则排除谓语动词C (除非其前有which与之构成定语从句)。又因“悬挂”不是发生在谓语动词之前，不用完成时，排除A。要强调正“悬挂着”的状态，用不及物动词词性，不是强调“正在被挂”的动作，不用被动语态，排除D。本单元高考热点归纳与拓展[/page]
例如：(1)Anything interesting to see here? 这个地方有什么有趣的东西可看?
Are there any places of historic interest? 有什么历史遗迹吗?
What is this city famous for? 这座城市以什么著名?
(2)I'd like to look around the city. 我想周游这个城市。
Let's make a day of it.我们痛痛快快地玩一天。
I think the guide will tell us all about sites of interest.我想导游会给我们详细介绍名胜古迹的。
Are you tired from all the walking.一路走来你累了吗?
I'd like to buy some souvenirs.我想买一些纪念品。
例:1. He was sad because of __ any chance of his going to college. ( 黄冈试题)
A. there being not B. there not being C. not there being D. there was not
例：2. __ the meeting himself gave them a great deal of encouragement.
A. The president will attend B. The president to attend
C. The president attended D. The president's attending
简析：答案D。结合语境分析句子结构，所填空处连同其后的the meeting himself 应该为句子的主语部分，故首先排除A、C两项;因句子的时态为一般过去时，总经理亲自参加会议是指过去的动作而非将要参加的会议，故排除B;D项为动名词的复合结构作主语。
例：3. I can't fix my mind on my work with the children __ so noisily outside my window.( 黄冈试题)
A. playing B. to play C. played D.being played.
简析：答案A。这是“with +名词+v. -ing”的结构，是独立主格结构，在句子中作状语。其句意是：孩子们在窗外如此吵闹，我无法专心工作。
例：4.I've won a holiday for two to Florida. I___ my mum.
A.am taking B.have taken C. take D. will have taken.
例：5.___ at the door before entering please. ( 黄冈试题)
A. Knocked B. To knock C. Knocking D. Knock
例：6.Europe football is played in 80 countries, __ it the most popular sport
in the world. (1998年全国高考题)
A. making B. makes C. make D. to make.
amusement[E5mju:zmEnt]n.娱乐, 消遣, 娱乐活动
Big cities have many amusements.大城市有许多娱乐。
I amuse myself with (by) reading.我以读书自娱。
[常用词组]be amused as 以……为乐;对……觉得有趣(好笑)/be amused by 以...为乐; 对...觉得有趣[好笑]/be amused with以...为乐; 对...觉得有趣[好笑]/amuse oneself with以...自娱
2. attraction[E5trAkFEn]n.吸引, 吸引力, 吸引人的事物
The idea of working for state-owned enterprises has little attraction to young people nowadays.现时去国营企业就职的想法对年青人没有多大吸引力。
The tides are caused by the attraction of the moon for the earth.
She was attract many bees. 鲜花招引来许多蜜蜂。
[记忆技巧]知道了attraction就一定能知道其动词attract vt. 吸引 vi. 有吸引力，引起注意;其形容词 attractive adj. 有吸引力的
3. minority[mai5nCriti]n.少数, 少数民族,未成年
We're in the minority, more people are against us than with us.
The minority nationality concert lasted two hours.
The nation wants peace; only a minority want(s) the war to continue.
He is in his minority.他尚未成年。
[记忆技巧]minor adj. 较小的，次要的，二流的，未成年的
[常用词组]be in a minority of one得不到任何人的支持
/be in the minority占少数
4. thrill [Wril]v.发抖//n.兴奋;激动;胆战心惊;欢乐
The traveller thrilled us with his stories.这位旅行者的经历使我们惊骇不已。
It gave me a thrill to know I had passed the examination.
We thrilled at the good news.听到那好消息我们感到很兴奋。
[常用词组]thrill with joy 为喜悦所激动
5. entertainment[entE5teinmEnt]n.款待, 娱乐, 娱乐表演
例：A cinema is a place of entertainment.电影院是公众娱乐场所。
A science fiction cannot not be regarded as a mere entertainment, but in fact it tells the reader much more.
[常用词组]give an entertainment to sb.招待某人//the entertainment of guests对宾客的招待/a house of entertainment 娱乐场;旅馆;酒馆/to the entertainment of 使感到有趣的是/hold a farewell entertainment 举行欢送会
6. conversation[7kCnvE5seiFEn]n.会话, 交谈
I had a long conversation with your teacher.
[常用词组]get into conversation with和...攀谈(起来)/have a conversation with和...交谈[会谈]/in conversation with(在)和...谈话
7. institution[7insti5tju:FEn]n.公共机构, 协会, 制度
例：Giving presents on Christmas is an institution.圣诞节送礼是一种风俗。
Marriage became an institution in ancient societies.
[记忆技巧]institute(vt. 创立，开始，制定)+ion 变 n. institution
8. coastal[5kEustl]adj.海岸的, 沿海的
例：Shanghai is a coastal city. 上海是一座沿海城市。
9. divide[di5vaid]v.分, 划分, 分开, 隔开;(常与in，into连用)分开;划分
The Nile divides near its mouth and forms a delta.
Let's divide ourselves into several groups.我们分成几个小组吧。
How shall we divide up the labour in the work?我们怎样分工?
[记忆技巧]divide变名词=division n. 分开，区分，除法，公司，(军事)师，分配，分界线
10. section[5sekFEn]n.部分, 断片, 部件, 节, 项, 区, 地域, 截面
One section of the class was reading and the other section was writing.
Divide the class into five sections of six students each.
[常用词组]show sth. in section把某物以断面显示出来
build in sections分段制造
11. discovery[dis5kQvEri]n.发现, 发明的东西
例：His discoveries included 300 uses for peanuts and 200 uses for sweet potatoes.他的发现包括花生的三百种用途和红薯的二百种用途。
The discovery of oil on their land made the people rapidly rich.
[记忆技巧]discovery(v. 发现)+ y 变名词 = discovery
a butterfly stroke蝶式游泳
[记忆技巧]butter (牛油)+fly (n. 苍蝇)=butterfly，相关词组：dragonfly 蜻蜓，cheese fly 干酪蝇，fruit fly 果蝇
[常用词组]as light as a butterfly 轻浮
13. injury[5indVEri]n.伤害, 侮辱
to suffer injuries to the head头部受伤
I take it as a personal injury. 我认为这是对个人的侮辱。
[记忆技巧]injure (v. 伤害)去e+y=injury
[常用词组]be an injury to 伤害...， 危害...，对...有害/do sth. an injury 伤害某人/do an injury to sb. 伤害某人
14. achievement [E5tFi:vmEnt]n.成就, 功绩
Flying across the Atlantic for the first time was a great achievement.
Such a goal was impossible of achievement.
[记忆技巧]achieve (vt. 完成)+ment=achievement
15. darkness darkness[5dB:knis]n.黑暗, 漆黑
例：We couldn't see the houses in the darkness.
[记忆技巧]dark(adj. 黑暗的)+ ness 变名词=darkness
[常用词组]pitch darkness 漆黑，伸手不见掌/darkness visible 漆黑，极黑
16. twist[twist]n. 扭曲, 盘旋, 歪曲//vt.拧, 扭曲, 编织//vi.扭弯, 扭曲
a road full of twists and turns弯弯曲曲的路
The path twisted up the hill.这条小路盘绕在小山上。
Twist the lid to open it.拧这盖儿打开它。
[常用词组]a twist in one's tongue发音不清, 口齿不清/twist it down
狼吞虎咽/twist off扭断; 扭[拧]开/twist up把...卷成螺旋形; 扭弯; 歪曲
17. motion[5mEuFEn]n.运动, 动作//v.运动
You must not get out of the car when it is in motion.
Motion itself is a contradiction.运动本身就是矛盾。
She motioned to the waiter.他向侍者打了个手势。
[常用词组]go through the motions of[口]装出...的样子, 走过场, 虚应故事/in motion在开动中, 在运转中; 处于兴奋[骚动]状态/make a motion
用手示意; 提议, 动议/put (set )sth. in motion 开动某物，调动某物
18. splash splash[splAF]n.溅, 飞溅, 斑点//v.溅, 泼, 溅湿
The rain came down in a splash.瓢泼大雨哗哗而下 。
The children splashed in the pool.孩子们在水池里溅水。
Don't splash me: I don't want to get wet.不要往我身上溅水，我不想弄湿。
[常用词组]make [cut] a splash发出泼溅声; [喻]摆阔, 摆排场, 炫耀, 引起哄动/with a splash啪嚓[扑通]一声/splash about站[坐]在水中打水, 戏水/splash with在...上溅(泥等), 在...上浇洒/splash on [onto]往...上面溅(水等)
19. imagination[i7mAdVi5neiFEn]n.想象, 空想, 想象的事物, 想象力, 听觉
His imagination played round that queer idea.他老是想着那个怪念头。
You didn't really see it — it was just your imagination.你没有真正看到它，这只是你的想象。
[记忆技巧]imagine (vt. 落千丈想象，设想)去e加ation=imagination
[常用词组]beyond(all) imagination(完全)出乎意料地/draw on (one's) imagination杜撰, 编造/have a good imagination想象力好[差]; [谑]很会[不会]说谎/have a poor imagination想象力好[差]; [谑]很会[不会]说谎
例：I want to be a designer. 我想要成为设计师。
[记忆技巧]design(v. 设计)+ er 变动作的执行者= designer
例：There is endless work to do when you have children in the house.
The aircraft was able to fly over the endless white plains without difficulty.飞机能够毫无困难地飞越这一望无际的茫茫雪原。
The voyage seemed endless.这次海上航行的旅程似乎没有尽头。
[记忆技巧]end (n. 末端，结束)+less 后缀(无……)=endless
[常用词组]at loose end 无所事事/at an end 完成/keep one's end up (面对困难)坚持不懈/make (both) ends meet 收支相抵易混易错词语辨析[/page]
1.辨析attract, fascinate 和charm:
He was attracted by her beauty.他被她的美貌所吸引。
The children were fascinated by all the toys in the shop windows.
Her beauty voice charms everyone.
We had a long telephone conversations.
We need less chat and more work if we're to finish this job today.
The dialogue remained light and friendly.
I had a long discussion with my friends about the matter.
I met Mrs. Jones at the shop and had a long talk with her.
3.辨析separate, divide 和part:
Separate those two boys woh are fighting, will you?
Divide the candies among th children.给孩子们把糖块分开。
part指“把密切相关的人或物分开”，如：Part gold from silver.把金银分开。
4.辨析go on doing sth., go on to do sth. 和go on with +名词
go on doing sth继续做某事;指前后做的是同一件事：
Go on reading Lesson Three.继续读第三课。(刚才读的就是第三课)
go on to do sth接着又做另一件事;指前后做的不是同一件事：
Go on to read Lesson Three.接着读第三课。
go on with+名词 继续做某件事;前后做的是同一件事;
I went on with my story just where I had left off.
1.At the e ____ to the park，Mary picked up a wallet with a lot of money.
2.Can you i ____ what it would be like to live without electricity?
3.G ____ are places where people keep their cars.
4.Press the b ____ and people inside will notice you are coming.
5.The picture was painted by a famous a____ .
6.Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck are____(角色)created by Disney.
7.I wonder whether you will be____(成功的)in finding a new house.
8.Go____(径直)ahead，and you'll find the hospital.
9.Could you tell us who is your____(最喜欢的)writer?
10.____ (操作)by electricity，the machine works very well.
1.They always give the available present to ____ comes first.
2.He asked ____ for the violin.
A.did I pay how much B.I paid how much
C.how much did I pay D.how much I paid
3.She has made it clear ____ she will have nothing to do with him.
4.Please advise me ____ book I should read first.
5.I don't care ____ or not your car breaks down.
6.You can imagine ____ when they received those nice Christmas presents.
A.how they were excited B.how excited they were
C.how excited were they D.they were how excited
7.It is generally considered unwise to give a child ____ he or she wants.
8.She suggested a meeting ____ at once.
A.would hold B.was to be held
C.ought to hold D.be held
9.Sarah hopes to become a friend of ____ shares her interest.
C.whoever D.no matter who
10.Can you make sure ____ the gold ring?
A.where Alice had put
B.where had Alice put
C.where Alice has put
D.where has Alice put
1.Who can tell ____ it will be fine tomorrow or not?
2.The monitor asked Jack ____ he was often late for class.
3.The teacher knew ____ house was near to the school because he remembered all about his pupils.
4.The child finds it very funny ____ a big animal walks on its two hind(后面的)legs.
5.I wonder ____ the horse is trained to walk on the wall.
6.He told us about ____ had happened in his home twenty-four years before.
7.He asked me ____ the train would arrive.
8.Can you tell me ____ the No.8 bus stop is?
9.Please ask her ____ is coming to see us.
10.I can't tell you ____ one your brother likes best.
1.He asked you__________________(是否可以把那本新词典借给他).
2.I want to know__________________(他们在这儿会呆多久).
3.May I ask you about__________________(史密斯先生大约几点钟能回旅馆)?
1.Mr.Brown often ____ along his pipe(烟斗)when he is on business.
A.takes B.carries C.walks D.fetches
2.You can take the lift，which is ____ by electricity.
A.lifted B.operated C.ridden D.made
3.Crusoe searched the woods carefully ____ finding some food to keep himself alive.
A.in this way B.in order to C.in the hope of D.hoping
4. ____get this machine?
A.Do you think where can we B.Where do you think we can
C.Where you think we can D.Where can you think we
5.-How did Jack do in the exam this time?
-Well，his parents seem ____ with his result.
A.pleasing B.please C.to please D.pleased
6.The postman is busy delivering letters____ .
A.day and day B.day in day C.day to day D.day after day
7.He has come，but I didn't know that he ____ until yesterday.
A.is coming B.will come C.was coming D.wasn't coming
8.-Would you mind if I ____ here?
-I'm sorry，but it's not ____ .
9.The well-known writer died and ____ his wife a lot of money.
A.left B.gave C.sent D.offered
10.John ____ in the countryside when he was a child.
A.used to living B.was used to live
C.was used living D.used to live
11.Please don't imagine ____ English well ____ three months.
A.to learn;in B.learning;at C.to learn;at D.learning;in
12.The old man often stands in front of the monument(纪念碑)，____ .
A.thinking about the past B.and thinks the past
C.to think the past D.and think about the past
13.The pollution here has ____ many problems over the past three years.
A.brought for B.brought to
C.brought on D.brought with
14.The patient ____ and his life is still in danger.
A.is being operated on B.was operating
C.is operated on D.is operating on
15.I prefer ____ to ____ a taxi.I've been sitting for hours.
A.to walk;take B.walking;taking
C.walking;take D.to walk;taking
1.Turn left and you will find the entrance ____ the hospital.
2.Could you see the sign ____ the middle school?
3.I don't think there is anything interest ____ this picture.
4.Edison was well-known ____ an inventor.
5.Our teacher was very pleased ____ our homework.
6.Disneyland ____ Los Angeles the west coast of the USA was opened 1955.
7.The boss is very strict ____ his workers.
8.The workers in the company must be always friendly and polite ____ visitors.
9.In Disneyland we can find all the characters ____ Walt Disney's films.
10.In Disneyland many of the streets are built to look ____ streets in the USA ____ the 1890s.
1.I don't think your book will interest anybody.
I don't think there's anything ____ ____ in your book.
2.You cannot think of any better result than this.
This is ____ ____ ____ you can ____ .
3.How long do you think it will take you to finish the work?
How long do you think you ____ ____ ____ the work?
4.Do you know the girl who has on the red dress?
Do you know the girl ____ the red dress?
5.Tom went there hoping to succeed this time.
Tom went there ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ this time.翻译填空[/page]
Jia Sixie is ____ ____ a pioneer of farming.
Don't ____ ____ .You'll be successful sooner or later.
____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ，she will be away for two weeks.
Can you imagine____ ____ ____ ____ ?
I'll drive over and ____ ____ ____ at five o'clock.
Walt Disney is famous as the maker of Mickey Mouse，Donald Duck and other characters in cartoon films.His films have 1 many prizes and are always interesting to both children and 2 .He also founded Disneyland in Los Angeles， the world's most 3 amusement park. Disney was born in Chicago in 1901.He left 4 at the age of 16，later he 5 at an art school 6 became an artist for magazines and newspapers.When he was 22，he went to Hollywood，and began to 7 cartoon films.At first he worked for 8 companies，but soon he started his 9 company.In a cartoon his company produced in 1928，he made Mickey Mouse，his most 10 cartoon character.It was the first cartoon with 11 ，and Disney himself 12 Mickey's squeaky(吱吱的)voice.As Disney's cartoon became popular，he 13 to need more and more people to 14 him，and later he had a large studio and 15 hundreds of artists.By the mid-1930s all Disney cartoons were made in colour.His first colour film was The Three Little Pigs， 16 in 1935.In the film，the clever and 17 little pigs make a house of brick(砖)，strong and well-built.When the wolf tries to knock it 18 ，he only hurts himself.Later，the little pigs play a 19 on the wolf and drive him away.When the film was first being shown，the U.S.A.was 20 to get out of economic(经济的)difficulties and a lot of people were still living a poor life.The film encouraged them to fight for a better life.
1.A.saw B.took C.brought D.won
2.A.grown-ups B.women C.persons D.men
3.A.far B.important C.famous D.necessary
4.A.factory B.school C.town D.village
5.A.worked B.studied C.played D.acted
6.A.at last B.but now C.and then D.but so
7.A.produce B.show C.buy D.think about
8.A.some B.a lot of C.other D.certain
9.A.big B.special C.simple D.own
10.A.popular B.beautiful C.interesting D.moving
11.A.story B.sound C.gesture D.language
12.A.chose B.found C.heard D.supplied
13.A.need B.had C.liked D.ought
14.A.help B.listen C.care about D.think of
15.A.visited B.called C.hired D.knew
16.A.bought B.discovered C.noticed D.made
17.A.good-looking B.hardworking C.warm-hearted D.fat
18.A.in B.down C.into D.up
19.A.game B.word C.trick D.fun
20.A.fighting B.studying C.waiting D.doing
Millions of people pass through the gates of the Disney parks in California， Florida and Japan each year.What makes these places an almost universal attraction(引人注目)?What makes foreign kings and queens and other important people want to visit these Disney parks?Well，one reason is the way to serve(服务)their “guests’.All new employees，from vice-presidents to part-time workers，begin their employment by attending Disney University and taking “Traditions I”. Here，they learn about the company's history，how it is managed and why it is successful.They are shown how each department relates to the whole.All employees are shown how their part is important in making the park a success.After passing “Traditions I”，the employees go on to more specialized training for their specific(具体的)jobs.No detail is missed.A simple job like taking tickets requires eight-hour days of training.When one ticket taker was asked why it took so much training for such a simple，ordinary job，he replied，“What happens if someone wants to know where the rest rooms are，when the parade starts or what bus to take back to the campgrounds?...We need to know the answers or where to get them quickly.Our constant aim(目标)is to help our guests enjoy themselves.”Even Disney's managers get involved in the daily management of the park.Every year，the managers leave their desks and business suits and put on special service clothes.For a full week， the bosses sell hot dogs or ice cream，take tickets or drive the monorail，and take up any of the 100jobs that make the park come alive.The managers agree that this week helps them to see the company's goals more clearly.All these efforts to serve the public well have made Walt Disney famous.Disney is considered by many as the best mass(团体)service provider in America or the world.
1.The first day they come to Disney parks，all new employees ____ .
A.begin by receiving on-the-job training
B.must learn several jobs
C.begin as ticket takers D.have already attended Disney University
2.The main aim of the Disney employees is to ____ .
A.learn all parts of the business B.see that their guests enjoy themselves
C.be able to answer all kinds of questions
D.keep their important guests happy
3.After passing “Traditions I”，the new employees ____ .
A.must start their work at once B.can begin with some simple jobs
C.must receive another 32hours of training
D.must go on to more specialized training
4.Each year，managers wear special service clothes and work in the parks to ____ .
A.set a good example for employees B.remind themselves of their beginnings at Disney
C.replace employees on holiday D.get a good view of the company's aims
5.Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A.Visitors learn about the history of Disney in its entertainment parks.
B.Disney attracts people from all over the world.
C.Parades are regularly held in Disney's entertainment parks.
D.Disney's managers are able to do almost all kinds of work in the Disney parks.短文改错[/page]
May I have you attention，please?I have a few 1.____
things to tell you.When you have a class here in the 2.____
language lab，please be here a little early. Change the 3.____
shoes before enter the lab.Don't bring anything here 4.____
except your books.When you are into， don't touch 5.____
these machine without permission.Always do as the 6.____
teacher tell you to.In class you should only speak 7.____
the English，not Chinese.Recorders can be 8.____
used make a copy of your listening materials.When 9.____
class is over，turn off your machines and leave for 10.____
the lab one by one.
说明：1)①-④篮球场(basketball court);⑤餐厅;⑥学生宿舍;⑦教师宿舍;⑧与⑨花坛(flower bed);
A)1.entrance 2.imagine 3.Garages 4.button 5.artist 6.characters 7.successful 8.straight 9.favorite 10.Operated
A)1-5 B D A A B 6-10 B B D C C
B)1.whether 2.why 3.whose 4.that 5.how 6.what 7.when 8.where 9.who 10.which
C)1.if /whether you could lend the new dictionary to him 2.how long they will stay here 3.what time Mr.Smith will be able to return to the hotel 4.(that)they would climb the mountain the next morning 5.(that) someone must have taken my book by mistake
A)1-5 A B C B D 6-10 D C B A D 11-15 D A C A B
B)1.to 2.for 3.of;in 4.as 5.with 6.in;on;in 7.with 8.to 9.from 10.like; in
C)1.of interest 2.the best result; imagine 3.will spend on 4.wearing /in 5.in the hope of succeeding
D)1.well-known as 2.lose heart 3.So /As far as Iknow 4.going there on foot 5.pick you up
A)1-5 D A C B B 6-10 C A C D A 11-15 B D B A C 16-20 D B B C A
B)1-5 A B D D A
C)1.you→your 2.√3.early→earlier 4.enter前加you或enter→entering 5.into→in 6.machine→machines 7.tell→tells 8.去掉the 9.used后加to10.去掉for
D)One possible version：
Guangming High School is in the west of the city，with the Chengxi River running nearby.It takes up an area of 130 mu.When you enter the school， you can see a big flower bed in front of you，and two large buildings on both sides-the library on your right and the teaching building on your left.Walking on further，you will find the gymnasium，which is the most beautiful building on the campus，in front of the building is a beautiful flower bed.Behind it， there lie four basketball courts.Next to the courts is the sports ground.Along its east side stand three buildings-the dining hall，and two dormitories for the students and the teachers.All the buildings are surrounded by bushes and flowers